Risk Factors and Causes of Diabetes

The true, root cause of prediabetes currently eludes the medical community and is still being investigated through constant clinical research. However, there is significant evidence to show that genetics may play a role. Ultimately, the cause of type-2 diabetes revolves around the fact that our bodies cannot process blood sugar properly. This is known as insulin resistance.

Unlike the true causes of prediabetes, the risk factors for prediabetes and type-2 diabetes are varied and well known, including:

  • Excess weight and obesity is a primary risk factor for type-2 diabetes. There is a very clear correlation between the rise in obesity and the commensurate increases in diabetes rates in the United states. Excess fat tissue contributes to insulin resistance
  • A lack of physical activity can contribute to type-2 diabetes. Not only does physical exercise reduce the likelihood of excess eight and obesity, but exercise also uses glucose in the body to create energy.
  • Waist size is an indicator of higher risk for prediabetes. Men with a waist size of over 40 inches and women at over 35 inches should be aware of significantly higher risks of prediabetes
  • Family history and genetics plays a poorly understood but important role in the development of diabetes. Those with immediate family members that have type-2 diabetes are more likely to have it themselves.
  • Gestational diabetes (diabetes that occurs during pregnancy) can make it more likely for the mother to suffer from type-2 diabetes later in life. Mothers who have given birth to babies over 9 pounds are also at higher risk.
  • Your race may also determine your chances of getting type-2 diabetes. Although this is also poorly understood, African Americans, Hispanics and Asian-Americans amongst others have a higher risk of type-2 diabetes.

There are many other risk factors for developing type-2 diabetes including poor sleep (caused by sleep apnea amongst other conditions), high blood pressure, low good cholesterol and polycystic ovary syndrome.

If any of the above risk factors apply to you, be sure to consult with your healthcare practitioner to monitor and/or treat your blood sugar levels.



The Diabetic Clinic staff sees patients at

Triangle Eye Building
1519 Garces Highway, Suite 103
Delano, CA 93215

For more information please call 661-721-1497