Types of Diabetes

There are three major types of diabetes and while any form of diabetes is important to manage, each type requires its own treatment protocol. Only a consultation with a qualified physician can determine the best course of action for an individual patient.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, represents about 5% of all cases of diabetes. It occurs when the body, and specifically the pancreas, fails to produce the insulin needed for cells to absorb glucose. Most often, type 1 diabetes is diagnosed when the patient is in their younger years, although some cases are diagnosed later in life.

Unfortunately, there is no cure for type I diabetes and those who have it will have to Inject themselves daily with insulin. This can be done with an insulin pen, a syringe or the use of an automatic insulin pump. The best course of action largely depends on the diagnosis and how well the diabetes is managed through lifestyle changes.

Proper exercise and diet are critical to maintaining appropriate glucose levels in blood. Healthy habits will assist patients with maintaining a stable glucose level throughout the day and avoid hypo- or hyper-glycemia.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes, also known as adult-onset or diabetes mellitus, results from the body failing to properly use insulin that it produces. This is known as insulin resistance. Risks of developing type 2 diabetes are increased by poor diet and exercise habits, obesity, advanced age and being of certain races or ethnicities.

Those who suffer from diabetes will see a range of symptoms that can include poor circulation throughout the body, which starts to affect both the limbs and the eyes. Complications of untreated to type II diabetes can include blindness and the amputation of extremities. High glucose levels in the blood can also affect kidneys, the heart and other organs in the body. If left untreated, these conditions can become life-threatening.

Treatment for type 2 diabetes often starts with lifestyle change including improved diet and exercise. For some, this may be all that is needed to keep their diabetes under control. Patients who do not respond to lifestyle change may have to begin taking oral medication or injecting insulin daily. Some patients who are suffering from type 2 diabetes and obesity may qualify for bariatric (weight loss) surgery.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy. At some point between weeks 24 and 28 (or sooner if needed) of pregnancy, a glucose test will be administered. The test simply measures the amount of sugar in the blood at 1 and 3 hours after drinking a specially formulated sugary beverage. Up to 5% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes.

When gestational diabetes is diagnosed, it is very important that the expectant mother manage her sugar intake carefully. She will be asked to check her sugar levels at various times throughout the day through the end of the pregnancy and report back to her 0B/GYN. Most cases of gestational diabetes can be properly managed simply through lifestyle change, including proper diet and exercise.

While a diagnosis of gestational diabetes does not necessarily mean the patient will develop type 2 diabetes after the pregnancy, it does increase the risk for diabetes later on in life.

Other Causes

Diabetes can also result from diseases and conditions associated with the pancreas. Many people who undergo surgical treatment for pancreatic cancer will develop diabetes or their existing condition may be worsened.

 


 

The Diabetic Clinic staff sees patients at 

Triangle Eye Building
1519 Garces Highway, Suite 103
Delano, CA 93215

For more information please call 661-721-1497